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Defending the Electoral College and the Constitution since 2009

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The status of National Popular Vote

The National Popular Vote interstate compact (NPV) is state legislation designed to nullify the Electoral College without changing the Constitution. It has a “trigger”—NPV takes effect if passed by enough states that they control a majority of electoral votes (270 out of 538) and thus the outcome of presidential elections.

Sixteen states and DC have passed NPV legislation, controlling a total of 205 electoral votes (as of May 2023). It has passed in at least one chamber in nine other states, and has been introduced in every state.

Status of NPV in Each State

Elected by statewide vote