Defending the Electoral College since 2009
The National Popular Vote interstate compact would radically change presidential elections and national politics. It would bring chaos, and if upheld by the courts would cause dangerous unintended consequences.
REGIONAL POLITICS. The Electoral College requires geographic balance, but NPV would allow regional factions—like a group of big states or giant metro areas—to control the presidency.
PARTISAN POLITICS. NPV is a project of partisan Democrats who are upset over specific past elections. Only blue states have joined the NPV compact. Other Democrats and nearly all Republicans oppose NPV.
DISPUTES. Each NPV state would certify its own national vote total. This would rely on officials in each state trusting, without power to verify, the honesty of other states' election processes.
RECOUNTS. NPV is incompatible with existing recount laws but includes no provisions for recounts.
PLURALITY WINNERS. Under NPV any plurality, no matter how small, could win. This would encourage “spoiler” candidates and splinter parties trying to game the system.
STATE UPSETS. A state could be required to appoint Electors for a candidate with few supporters in that state, or even to a candidate who was not on that state’s ballot, under NPV.
STATE DROPOUTS. NPV claims states cannot game the compact by dropping out close to an election, but whether this clause is enforceable, and who would enforce it against a state, is uncertain.
CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS. NPV founder John Koza calls his plan an “end run” around the Constitution. The original intent and purpose of the Electoral College is a state-by-state election. Because NPV violates the basic purpose of the Electoral College, it is probably unconstitutional.
CONGRESSIONAL APPROVAL. The Constitution says interstate compacts require congressional consent. NPV claims they don’t need it, and the Supreme Court has never enforced it. But no other compact has changed presidential election rules.
Time is running out
There is a real, immediate threat to the constitutional way we elect our president. National Popular Vote is 76% of the way to implementing their dangerous plan.